What is Hepatitis C ?
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that usually causes chronic inflammation leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated blood, contaminated syringe & unprotected sex. Can also rarely be transmitted from mother to fetus during delivery. Most people with HCV don’t know they’re infected, mainly because they have no symptoms, which can take decades to appear. Untreated chronic hepatitis C increases your risk of developing cirrhosis — a condition that causes permanent scarring of the liver, liver failure or liver cancer. Chronic hepatitis C is usually a “silent” infection for many years, until the virus damages the liver enough to cause the signs and symptoms of liver disease. Among these signs and symptoms are: Bleeding easily, Bruising easily, Fatigue, Poor appetite, Yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes (jaundice), Dark-colored urine Itchy skin, Fluid buildup in your abdomen (ascites), Swelling your legs, Weight loss, Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy), Spider-like blood vessels on your skin (spider angiomas) Every chronic hepatitis C infection starts with an acute phase Acute hepatitis C usually goes undiagnosed because it rares causes symptoms. When signs and symptoms are present, they may include jaundice, along with fatique, nausea, fever and muscle aches. Acute symptoms appear one to three months. after exposure to the virus and last two weeks to three months. Acute hepatitis C infection doesn’t always people clear HCV from their bodies outcome known as spontaneous viral clearance.
Factors that increase the risk of Hepatitis
- Are a health care worker who has been exposed to infected blood, which may happen if an infected needle pierces your skin
- Piercing or tattoo in an unclean environment using unsterile equipment
- IV drug abusers
- Blood transfusion or organ transplant
- Hemodialysis and have HIV
What types of tests are needed to evaluate Hepatitis C ?
- Several blood tests are performed to test for HCV infection.
- LFT Viral serology including viral load & genotype .
- Ultra sonography to reduce the risk.
- Practice safe sex.
- Don’t share razors or toothbrushes.
- Don’t donate blood, body organs or Stop drinking alcohol.
- Avoid medications that may cause damage and Stop Self medication.
What steps to be taken to reduce the passing Hepatitis C to others ?
- Practice safe sex.
- Eat regular & balanced meals.
- Maintain healthy calorie intake.
- Eat whole-grain cereals, breads, and grains.
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
- Get adequate protein.
- Avoid fatty, salty, and sugary foods and drink enough fluids.