What is Dyspepsia ?

Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a term used to describe one or more symptoms including a feeling of fullness during a meal, uncomfortable fullness after a meal, and burning or pain in the upper abdomen. Indigestion is common in adults and can occur once in a while or as often as every day.

Most people with indigestion experience more than one of the following symptoms:

  • Fullness during a meal: The person feels overly full soon after the meal starts and cannot finish the meal.
  • Bothersome fullness after a meal: The person feels overly full soon after a meal it may feel like the food is staying in the stomach too long.
  • Epigastric pain: The epigastric area is between the lower end of the chest bone and the navel. The person may experience epigastric pain ranging from mild to severe.
  • Epigastric burning: The person feels an unpleasant sensation of heat in the epigastric area.
  • Otherwise, less frequent symptoms that may occur with indigestion are nausea and bloating an unpleasant tightness in the stomach. Nausea and bloating could be due to causes other than indications.

Lifestyle changes to reduce symptoms:

  • Avoid foods and drinks that trigger symptoms.
  • Avoid late evening snacks.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight. Obesity can increase Reflux.
  • Eat 5 or 6 small meals during the day, Not 3 large ones.
  • Avoid tobacco in any form
  • Raise the head of your bed 6 to 8 inches.
  • Eat slowly take small mouthfuls and chew well.
  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Limit or reduce stress in your life. Try participating in an exercise, yoga, or meditation program.
  • Do not lie down right after you eat. Remain upright for at least two hours.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothes across your waist, stomach or abdomen.
  • Take your medicines exactly as your doctor prescribe.

Avoid the foods listed below:

  • Coffee, tea, and soft drinks that contain caffeine.
  • Peppermint or spearmint, including flavouring.
  • Citrus juices and drinks, such as Orange, grapefruit, lemon, lime, pineapple.
  • Spicy, highly seasoned food.
  • Tomato based dishes, such as spaghetti with sauce, Chili, and pizza.
  • Food that is very hot or very cold.
  • Chocolate and sweets, if they cause symptoms.
  • Fatty or fried foods.

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